Git commands

Git Commands

A list of my commonly used Git commands.

Getting & Creating Projects

Command Description
git init Initialize a local Git repository
git clone ssh://git@github.com/[username]/[repository-name].git Create a local copy of a remote repository

Basic Snapshotting

Command Description
git status Check status
git add [file-name.txt] Add a file to the staging area
git add -A Add all new and changed files to the staging area
git commit -m "[commit message] Commit changes
git rm -r [file-name.txt] Remove a file (or folder)

Branching & Merging

Command Description
git branch List branches (the asterisk denotes the current branch)
git branch -a List all branches (local and remote)
git branch [branch name] Create a new branch
git branch -d [branch name] Delete a branch
git push origin --delete [branch name] Delete a remote branch
git checkout -b [branch name] Create a new branch and switch to it
git checkout -b [branch name] origin/[branch name] Clone a remote branch and switch to it
git branch -m [old branch name] [new branch name] Rename a local branch
git checkout [branch name] Switch to a branch
git checkout - Switch to the branch last checked out
git checkout -- [file-name.txt] Discard changes to a file
git merge [branch name] Merge a branch into the active branch
git merge [source branch] [target branch Merge a branch into a target branch
git stash Stash changes in a dirty working directory
git stash clear Remove all stashed entries

Sharing & Updating Projects

Command Description
git push origin [branch name] Push a branch to your remote repository
git push -u origin [branch name] Push changes to remote repository (and remember the branch)
git push Push changes to remote repository (remembered branch)
git push origin --delete [branch name] Delete a remote branch
git pull Update local repository to the newest commit
git pull origin [branch name] Pull changes from remote repository
git remote add origin ssh://git@github.com/[username]/[repository-name].git Add a remote repository

Inspection & Comparison

Command Description
git log View changes
git log --summary View changes (detailed)
git add -A Add all new and changed files to the staging area
git diff [source branch] [target branch] git diff [source branch] [target branch]

If you are interested in my Git aliases, have a look at my .bash_profile, found here:

General Aliases

alias ls='ls -GFha '
alias cdg='cd ~/git '
alias st='open -a "Sublime Text" '
alias bp='st ~/.bash_profile '
alias trash='rm -rf ~/.Trash/* '

Git Aliases

alias get='git '
alias gut='git '
alias got='git '
alias g='git '
alias gi='git init '
alias gs='git status -sb '
alias ga='git add '
alias gc='git commit -m '
alias gac='ga -A && gc '
alias gp='git push '
alias gpo='git push origin '
alias gpom='git push origin master'
alias gr='git rm -r '
alias gb='git checkout -b '
alias gc-='git checkout - '
alias gd='git diff '

function gcl {
	git clone ssh://git@github.com/$1/$2.git;
}

function gacp {
	git add -A;
	git commit -m "$1";
	git push origin $2;
}

Rename Terminal Window - Usage: wn 'window name'

function wn {
	printf "\e]2;$1\a"
}

Rename Terminal Tab - Usage: tn 'tab name'

function tn {
	printf "\e]1;$1\a"
}

Customize Terminal Prompt - Shows: username/../folder:

export PS1='\n\u/../\W/: '

Add Colour

export CLICOLOR=1
export LSCOLORS=GxFxCxDxBxegedabagaced

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